On April 18, Ho Chi Minh City implemented COVID-19 vaccinations for children aged from five to 12 years old. FV Hospital continues to be part of the immunisation programmes offered through schools and has also launched a registration channel for vaccinations for children in this age group.
WHICH AGE GROUPS NEED COVID-19 VACCINATIONS?
Children with COVID-19 often show some mild symptoms. They may need to rest for a few days for treatment and recovery and rarely develop serious complications. In addition, later variants of SARS-COV-2 seem to have a milder effect, mainly affecting the upper respiratory tract. However, scientists are still not sure how and when new variants will appear in the future.
For some children, COVID-19 symptoms may be more severe or last longer. Therefore, health experts in many countries recommend that parents with children aged between five and up to 12 years old should have their children vaccinated, especially those with existing medical conditions.
Dr Vu Truong Son, Head of Infection Control, FV Hospital, says that, similar to adults, children who receive two full doses of the COVID-19 vaccine will reduce their risk of getting SARS-COV-2. This creates long-term prevention of severe COVID-19 complications and helps children to develop their immune response to deal with new variants that may evolve in the future. “Recent studies have shown that vaccinating children reduces the rate of new infections by up to 92 per cent and reduces hospitalisation by up to 99 per cent,” adds Dr Son.
Children are at high risk of infection in a school environment and they may become mediators also, creating a chain of virus transmission. Therefore, the following groups should be given priority for early vaccination:
- Children with certain underlying medical conditions, children with weak immune systems;
- Children living with immunocompromised or vulnerable people, such as the elderly, or people with medical conditions. It’s advisable that children be vaccinated both to protect themselves and to reduce the risk of infecting people living with them.
In some cases, caution must be taken when deciding who should be vaccinated. Consult a doctor if your child has a history of allergy to medical ingredients or going into anaphylaxis, children with cognitive disorders, herd mentality, hyperactivity, a short attention span or ADHD, a chronic or acute illness, or a current fever or infection.
If you have any questions or concerns about the health status of your child when receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, parents can always consult with our doctors, or inform staff during the pre-injection screening session.
How to prepare your children before and after receiving the COVID-19 vaccination
The Ministry of Health has approved two vaccines against COVID-19 for children aged five up to 12 years old: the Pfizer vaccine and Moderna vaccine. The Ministry of Health also requires that children receive two injections of the same type of vaccine, and without mixing doses with any mRNA vaccine. The Pfizer vaccine is injected intramuscularly with a dose of 0.2 ml. The Moderna vaccine is given at half the adult dose (equivalent to 0.25ml). Both vaccines are administered in two doses, four weeks apart.
If your child currently has or already had COVID-19, they should receive a vaccine three months after they have made a complete recovery. In cases where a child has received the first dose and then developed COVID-19, doctors recommend that the child still completes two doses for longer-term protection. When a child is suspected of being infected with COVID-19, the family should not take the child to be vaccinated, but test them to confirm infection.
Post-vaccination reactions in children aged from five years up to 12 years are similar to those observed in children aged 12 to under 18 years. They may experience headaches, diarrhea, joint pain, muscle pain, pain at the injection site, exhaustion, chills, fever (with a higher incidence rate for the second dose). Less common reactions include lymphadenopathy, hypersensitivity (rash, pruritus, urticaria, angioedema), or decreased appetite, insomnia, lethargy, increased sweating, night sweats, itching at the injection site.
After vaccination, children should stay at the vaccination site for at least 30 minutes so that they can be monitored and any issues promptly handled. Common post-injection reactions usually persist for 48 hours after injection. Parents should closely monitor their children for the first three days after vaccination, and limit their children from participating in exercises or sports activities during this time. If post-vaccination symptoms last for more than three days, or they have rare symptoms such as changes in heart rate, arrhythmia, shortness of breath or chest tightness, parents should notify their doctor to receive exact instructions.
The COVID-19 vaccine has been shown to limit infection and alleviate symptoms. However, like all medications, vaccines are not completely effective. Some children might still get COVID-19 even after being vaccinated, but symptoms will likely be milder and disappear more quickly. Vaccinated children are less likely to experience serious complications related to COVID-19. This is a key reason for vaccinating for children and other target groups.
Vaccinating children against COVID-19 reduces their risk of infection and establishes herd immunity, ensuring they can return to their normal activities, including learning, play and comprehensive education and development.
FV Hospital has opened registration for vaccination against COVID-19 for children aged from five years to 12 years old on our website. Parents can visit this link to sign up:
FV Hospital’s COVID-19 vaccination process follows strict international-standard procedures—the same procedures applied in the French Republic. Thanks to FV’s scientific approach, injections are administered quickly and efficiently, ensuring the safety of recipients. The same process is applied across all FV vaccination campaigns. In addition, the hospital’s post-injection monitoring service focuses especially on the needs and comfort-level of children. Our modern facilities and doctors are ready to handle any unusual situations at the vaccination site.